Sunday, 1 March 2015

Learning English Grammar : Form of Pronouns.

Assalamualaikum WBT,

I have posted something on Pronouns but I did not write about its Forms. Therefore, now, I am going to write on Pronouns Forms.

As we all know, Pronouns is under Nouns and it is used to replace Nouns. There are FOUR (4) types of pronouns which are :

Personal pronouns,
Reflexive pronouns,
Possessive pronouns,
Interrogative pronouns.

I will explain each one along with examples.

1. Personal pronouns.

Personal pronouns can be the subject or the object of a sentence.
The following is a list of personal pronouns.
The objective form of the pronouns is used after the verb to be and after the words 'let' and 'between'.

For example,

It was her and not me who did it.
Let me go!
I'll have to make peace between them.

There are common mistakes that people made in using this personal pronouns, where they misplaced the words. When a sentence has more that one subject or object, the personal pronouns I and ME must come last.


I and my family are going to Kuala Terengganu.    [ Wrong ]
My family and I are going to Kuala Terengganu.   [ Right ]

Father told me and Sew Ling to be quiet.             [ Wrong ]
Mother told Sew Ling and me to be quiet.           [ Right ]

2. Reflexive Pronouns.

Reflexive pronouns always end with the word 'self'. They are the object of a sentence. Reflexive pronouns are used when the action goes back to the doer.

The following is the commonly used reflexive pronouns.

There is one common mistake form that usually commit by people, it would be unable to differentiate between SINGULAR and PLURAL form of the addition (-self, -selves).

Now, look at this example,

We want to be by ourself.
We want to be by ourselves.

Because of the word 'we', we need to put plural form of (-self) to -selves

3. Possessive Pronouns.

Possessive pronouns are words which show possession or belonging.
When we are using possessive pronouns, we do not add an apostrophe before the word -s.
Now, there is a common mistake on this possessive pronoun. Many students do not understand the difference between it's and its. It's is the short form for it is while its is a possessive pronoun that shows belonging.

Look and these examples,

The dog ate up all it's food. ( wrong )
The dog ate up all its food. ( right )

Its raining heavily outside. ( wrong )
It's raining heavily outside. ( right )

4. Interrogative pronouns.

Interrogative pronouns are used in questions to ask about someone or something. Words such as who, which, what and whose are examples of interrogative pronouns.

Who and whose are used for people.
Which and what are used for animals and things.

Look at these sentences,

Who is that girl? (person - girl )
Which movie do you want to watch? ( thing - movie )
What is that on the table? ( thing - that (thing) )
Whose book is this? (whose (possession)(person))

Now, that is all for now. If you read a lot of books, you might find these forms. And now, you know how to use these forms in you writings and it would fun to actually use what you know of, right?

That is all.

Assalamualaikum WBT

p/s: Happy March!

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